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Title: Особливості та тенденції правопорушень у сфері економічної діяльності
Other Titles: Features and trends of offenses in of economic activity.
Authors: Паршина, О.А.
Паршин, Ю.І.
Parshyna, O.A.
Parshyn, Y.I.
Keywords: вид економічної діяльності
економічна безпека
відшкодування матеріальних збитків
type of economic activity
economic security
compensation for material damage
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: ДДУВС
Citation: Паршина О. А. Особливості та тенденції правопорушень у сфері економічної діяльності / О. А. Паршина, Ю.І. Паршин // Науковий вісник Дніпропетровського державного університету внутрішніх справ. - 2020. - № 2 (105). - С. 309-316
Abstract: Правопорушення негативно впливають на соціально-економічний розвиток країни та в масштабах національної економіки являють загрозу загальній безпеці. З метою вирішення проблеми протидії економічній злочинності запропоновано формування комплексної моніторингової системи. Виконано дослідження видів економічної діяльності та їх ефективності у формуванні ВВП країни. Проаналізовано динаміку та надано аналіз стану скоєних правопорушень за видами економічної діяльності з кількісною оцінкою ефективності відшкодування матеріальних збитків за цими правопорушеннями. Розглянуто основні причини скоєних правопорушень за секторами економічної діяльності.
Description: Offenses have a negative impact on the socio-economic development of the country and make a threat to the security of the national economy. Systematic analysis of the offenses in the sphere of economic activity with the quantitative assessment of their reimbursement and identification of the main trends during the research has been carried out. The offenses in the field of economic activity are the object of the research. The research subjects are scientific, methodological and applied aspects of the offenses analysis in relation to the main types of economic activity in the national economy. It has been noted that the criminal situation in our country is characterized by increasing in the economic crimes. Economic crimes are becoming systematic and have organized character. The high level of correlation between the unemployment situation and the negative crimes trends has been discovered. Economic crimes include economic, political, legal, socio-psychological and organizational reasons and conditions. The complex monitoring system in order to solve problem of the combating economic crimes has been proposed. The effectiveness of such system can be achieved in two main ways. The first way concerns the development of measures that is aimed at the economic crimes preventing. Thus, we have the reduction of the crimes number. The second way involves the development of measures for the disclosure of the committed offenses of economic nature and the achievement of full reimbursement for the incurred losses. However, an important component of the complex system should be the ability to monitor, forecast and identify these sectors of the economy in which the possible offenses in the strategic foresight should be expected. The continuous monitoring with forecasting enables to develop and implement the appropriate preventive measures. Studies of the economic activities with their efficiency in the formation of GDP of Ukraine have been conducted. Dynamics of the committed offenses on the types of economic activity has been analyzed. The quantitative assessment of the material losses reimbursement of these offenses has been provided. The main causes of the committed offenses in the economic sectors have been considered. The national measures for the prevent economic crimes are: strengthening of the role and increasing of the trust to the government and its institutions; paradigm shift of the decision-making mechanism in the field of credit and financial system; development of the special mechanisms for preventing of the destabilizing tendencies both at the level of regional development and at the level of national economy. The complex monitoring system allows to identify sectors of the national economy in the aspect of strategic forecasting. Monitoring enables to develop the preventative measures which are aimed at the improving of the environment, creating of the preconditions for the economic growth and improving of the well-being of population.
Appears in Collections:Науковий вісник Дніпропетровського державного університету внутрішніх справ. - 2020. - № 2 (105)
Наукові статті
Паршин Ю.І.
Паршина О.А.

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