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Title: Concept and Interaction of Gender Democracy and Parity Democracy: Theoretical and Legal Aspects
Authors: Грицай, І.О.
Grytsai, I.O.
Keywords: паритет
гендерна демократія
паритетна демократія
гендерна сегрегація
гендерна збалансованість
рівність прав і свобод людини і громадянина
gender democracy
parity democracy
gender segregation
gender balance
equality of rights and freedoms of man and citizen
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Grytsai I.O. Concept and Interaction of Gender Democracy and Parity Democracy: Theoretical and Legal Aspects / I.O. Grytsai // Журнал східноєвропейського права. – 2017. – № 41. - С. 32-36
Abstract: У статті здійснено загальноправовий аналіз таких явищ, як «гендерна демократія» та «паритетна демократія». Акцентовано увагу на взаємозв’язку понять «гендерна демократія» та «паритетна демократія». Систематизовано авторські погляди відносно співвідношення гендерної демократії та паритетної демократії.
The article deals with the general legal analysis of such phenomena as «gender democracy» and «parity democracy». The emphasis is on the relationship between the concepts of «gender democracy» and «parity democracy». The development of parity democracy and gender democracy is an interdependent and complementary process. It is emphasised that gender democracy is the basis for sustainable development of society, ensuring equal rights of women and men in all spheres of society. The development and implementation of a legal model of parity democracy is one of the most effective means of resolving private, social and public interests and conflicts. In this article, it is highlighted that the general aim of gender democracy and parity democracy is to establish social justice. Parity democracy and gender democracy are obligatory elements of the formation of a democratic state, the basis of which is the provision of political, social, economic, cultural rights and freedoms of man and citizen. The model of parity democracy is the doctrinally motivated need of modern state and society due to the lack of equal representation of citizens in various spheres of the life of society, primarily in the political sphere. We emphasise that the open and transparent interaction of public authorities and civil society institutions serves as the basis for realizing the principles of parity democracy and ensuring gender balance, eliminating the monopolization of power and further decentralization, and in general democratizes the whole process of public administration. In addition to a number of existing mechanisms, state and public control plays an important role for the development of parity democracy today. Public control is a particular manifestation of the democratic functioning of the state at the present stage and is carried out in various forms. The European vector of Ukraine's development requires systematic control over the activities of public authorities by civil society institutions in creating conditions for the realization of gender balance and equality of rights and freedoms of man and citizen as a whole.
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